Meetings can be scheduled by appointment at various locations for the convenience of our clients. If you can't come to us, we'll come to you.
Baltimore, MD
Tysons Corner, VA
By Appointment Only
Bethesda, MD
Washington, DC

Information For Victims Of Traumatic Brain Injury

How the Injury Happens?

Brain injuries can occur when the head strikes an object such as a windshield or the ground at a fast rate of speed, or when a flying or falling object strikes the head. Injury to the brain also can occur without a direct blow to the head, for example in cases of severe “whiplash.” When a human head is struck or strikes a hard object, the brain will frequently ricochet inside the skull. Thus, brain injuries frequently occur towards the outside of the brain on the side of the initial impact, as well as on the outside of the brain, directly opposite to the point of the impact.

When Do Symptoms for Traumatic Brain Injury Appear?

When an injury to the brain occurs, it can affect the victim’s ability to process and filter information as well as cause physiological symptoms in the body.  Indeed, because the brain is the most critical organ in the human body and filters and analyzes all stimuli from the world. So when the brain is injured, the consequences to the victim can be extremely severe and often unpredictable. Symptoms can become noticeable immediately after an injury or can take up to a month to appear. The most common symptoms observed after a traumatic brain injury include:


  • Attention Deficit
  • Bad taste in the mouth,
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Change in personality
  • Confusion
  • Depression
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Difficulty multi-tasking
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Dilated pupils
  • Disorientation
  • Dizziness
  • fatigue or lethargy
  • headache
  • lightheadedness
  • Loss of memory
  • Loss of Sleep
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Severe headache

Regardless of when symptoms appear, if you believe you may have suffered from a traumatic brain injury, it is important that you seek medical attention immediately upon the recognition of symptoms.  Oftentimes, immediate medical attention can reduce the likelihood of permanent brain damage.


Injuries can occur in a variety of unpredictable manners and are usually classified by the severity of the injury or the mechanism of the injury. They usually derive from “impact” type injuries. For example:

1. Closed (also known as a closed head injuries) injuries to the brain are caused by movement of the brain within the skull. Causes may include falls, motor vehicle crash, or being struck by or with an object. In a motor vehicle collision, these types of injuries can occur when the head strikes the dashboard or other interior aspect of the car. The brain upon impact moves slightly within the skull, but the force of the impact on the side of the skull is sufficient to cause damage to the brain.

2. Penetrating – A severe brain injury caused by foreign objects penetrating the skull. Typical causes are firearms, severe impacts or falls causing crush injuries to the head and being struck with a sharp object. These type of injuries are less common for accident victims and usually result in death.


The location of injury in the brain also has a discernible consequence on the type of symptoms that manifest. For example, injuries to the limbic system can result in emotional changes, loss of smell, or even coma. Injuries to the back of the head (occipital lobe) can result in a variety of visual impairments; loss of depth perception, blindness, double vision, etc. The frontal lobe is the most commonly damaged brain injury for accident victims. Injuries to the frontal lobe of the brain often result in loss of voluntary motor functions. Interestingly, enough, when the brain is damaged in a motor vehicle accident, it will often ricochet inside the human skull. Thus, even though the force of impact comes from the front, victims can suffer damage to their occipital lobe (back of the brain) from the force of the brain slamming against the back of the skull.

This same ricochet effect, explains why people sometimes suffer eye damage or black eyes, after being struck in the head. The force of the impact is sometimes sufficient to damage the blood vessels and skin surrounding the eyes and in some cases may even damage the optic nerves or other parts of the visual system.

For more information you can check out these useful resources:

Resources for TBI victims:

Brain Injury in Small Children

It is that time of year again! The book bags have been purchased, new shoes adorn kids’ feet, and paper towels are stacked and classroom-ready. Although the brand new school supplies tend to put smiles on children’s faces, the back-to-school season is undeniably a rough adjustment. After a summer spent enjoying everything that Maryland has to offer, including many days outdoors in the sunshine, the focus required by a day’s worth of school can prove challenging. Add to that the fact that children are asked to work during the evenings to practice math equations or grammar exercises, and the need for focus mounts. Gone are the days of free-range learning, running on playgrounds, and eating when hunger hits. When autumn hits, routine rules the day. For some children the need and ability to focus is further challenged by traumatic brain injury (TBI). If a child you love has suffered from even a minor TBI, here is what science tells us about heading back to school this season:

How Does a TBI Develop?

A TBI can occur when an object strikes the head or the brain itself is jolted around within the skull (for example, from the body being whipped around abruptly). The most common type of TBI is a concussion. Most commonly, TBI will occur when a person falls, is involved in a traffic accident, is assaulted, or is injured playing sports. About 1,300 children will suffer from a severe or fatal TBI each year as a result of child abuse. Children and the elderly are particularly vulnerable to developing a TBI even from less impact than necessary in an adult. Concussions are also more common in young children because their heads are disproportionate in size compared to the rest of their bodies.

How Common is TBI?

TBIs range from mild to severe and encompass any number of accidents involving the head. For this reason it is one of the most common injuries. In 2009 it is reported that more than 248,000 teens and children went to the emergency room and received treatment for a sports-related TBI. According to the Brain Injury Association of the United States every year TBI in children aged 0 to 14 years leads to 2,685 deaths, 37,000 hospitalizations, and 435,000 emergency department visits.

How Does TBI Relate to Focusing?

Researchers measuring the mental functioning of children, with input from their parents and teachers, have found that children who have suffered TBI struggle academically. Not only are their processing speeds slower but their attention lapses last for a longer period of time. Though there is no direct cause-and-effect relationship measured, the correlation between attention lapse and brain injury is apparent. Researchers found that even where brain scans did not identify obvious brain damage, the results were similar for those who had head trauma within the previous 18 months.

Going back to school can prove a difficult change of pace for many, but for children with TBI the struggle is even more apparent. Some children may require additional help with their studies. If your child has suffered a TBI due to the negligence of another you may be entitled to compensation. Contact our team at Bob Katz Law today to find out how we can help.

PLEASE NOTE: Materials are NOT Legal Advice or Legal Opinions – All material located on the Sites, in podcasts, blogs, Faqs and/or social media forums is prepared for a general audience for general informational purposes only.  It is not legal advice or a legal opinion.  Its sole purpose is to better educate you about a variety of general legal issues so that you become more educated consumers of legal services.  While Gordon Feinblatt tries to provide accurate information on the Sites, the law changes quickly.  Therefore information contained on the Sites may not reflect the most current interpretation or be complete.  Many factors go into the decision-making process of selecting a lawyer and everyone’s needs differ.  Moreover, although the specific facts of your matter may seem similar to those of others, they are actually quite different;  the law may apply differently or not at all to your situation.  Therefore, you should not rely upon or take any action with respect to your specific, personal legal matters based on information contained on the Sites.  The Sites are provided “AS IS” and Gordon Feinblatt is not responsible for any action you do or do not take in reliance on any materials on the Sites.   Information provided on the Sites should never be a substitute for consulting with a lawyer. Please contact us directly for advice on your specific situation. See our full Terms of Use for more information.

Read Some of Our Recent Client Reviews!

Amartuvshin Batbaatar
Amartuvshin Batbaatar
02:42 11 Feb 19
I am very grateful for handling my several car accident claims and they were helpful and responsive to all our questions and concerns. I highly recommend them without any reservations.
anthony henry
anthony henry
21:01 07 Feb 19
It was a pleasure to work with Christina Franetovich She is awesome! She kept me well informed throughout the whole process. Thanks for all your hard work! I would definitely recommend her for your legal needs
Angel Boyd
Angel Boyd
14:32 28 Jan 19
Christina has been really helpful with settling both of my accident claims even with my nervousness and constant questions lol. But she worked with me and settled it. She is also available for my diminished value claim (which I'm trying not to annoy her with lol). I would recommend this firm and will probably stick with this firm for any accidents in the future. Hoping there aren't anymore tho
karla rivas
karla rivas
04:37 18 Jan 19
Great Team & Great Attorneys very good lawyers and excellent work. happy with the case.
Fadie Mohammad
Fadie Mohammad
14:54 08 Jan 19
Worked with Sarah Treuhaft (Paralegal) when retained Bob Katz's office. Sarah was absolutely amazing to work with, she was very professional and prompt with everything she did. She would respond to any inquiries I had immediately and never hesitated to hop on the phone to clarify or assist with anything, regardless of how early or late it was. I definitely highly recommend her and this law office.
Kelly Kess Malone
Kelly Kess Malone
15:50 20 Nov 18
Very helpful paralegals and attorney assistants. Also informative on various types of cases. Reasonably priced for the work that they provide.
Brittany Peterson
Brittany Peterson
08:19 17 Nov 18
Had a very awesome experience fast settlements... Communication was a A+ ...Strongly recommend Mr.Katz. !!! Ms. Robin made me felt like family was always there when i needed her and when i had a question.
Yarnell Goodwin
Yarnell Goodwin
23:38 15 Nov 18
Got a little more settlement money than expected. Was provided great service and prompt responses. I greatly appreciate it!
Ashley Poole
Ashley Poole
01:05 08 Nov 18
Attorney Bob Katz and his staff are highly recommend. Customer Service was impeccable. Every phone call and email was responded to in a timely manner. Natalie Ulrich was very professional, helpful and thorough every step of the way, which resulted in a stress free experience. I will recommend this law firm to family and friends!
Tania Jefferson
Tania Jefferson
17:51 06 Nov 18
Customer service was A+. All questions were answered promptly and information was shared appropriately. Concerns were addressed and I was made aware of all updates on my case. I would whole heartedly recommend this firm.
edward Robinson
edward Robinson
03:00 06 Nov 18
I highly recommend Mr. Katz and his staff. They were friendly, compassionate and really showed they had their clients best interest at heart. There was never a time you called them they didn't respond or returned your calls and answer your questions.They took the worry, and stress and turn it into reassurance. They were diligent and just down right professional. My wife and I really thank God for allowing us to cross paths on a professional business experience. Ms. Rebecca Slatery is the most courteous, compassionate soul. We wish you all peace, love and blessings. Thank you for your service.
20:11 31 Oct 18
I decided to use this firm again for an accident I was involved in. As always they were professional and caring. Rebecca slattery was the paralegal assigned to my case and she was professional and kept me up to date with everything. I would recommend this firm to friends and family!
Cedric Jones
Cedric Jones
19:04 23 Oct 18
Erica Z is amazing with keeping you to date and staying communication with you during the entire process. Meghan Young was a wonderful lawyer made me feel extremely comfortable in the courtroom and she also fights for the best possible outcome for you..GREAT LAW FIRM
Nguyen Le
Nguyen Le
16:44 23 Oct 18
It was a great experience being taken care of by Rebecca Slattery and Meghan Young, they helped me resolve my case and were very courteous and professional. Highly recommend working with this law firm
Soun Gil
Soun Gil
21:35 17 Oct 18
Ms. Park helped me out through my whole accident process. She took her time with me and made sure I understood everything. I would recommend to her all of my friends if they were to get into any accident.
Yejin Chung
Yejin Chung
15:40 12 Oct 18
I highly recommend. My family’s experience with this office was great. Christina Franetovich was very helpful throughout the whole process, which made this experience less stressful. She responded to my questions immediately and made sure that I understood everything.
Claudette Pope
Claudette Pope
13:18 30 Aug 18
I was referred to Gordon & feindblatt in 2014 when my family was in an accident, Mr. Katz personally consulted with me by phone and he was very polite and professional, Mr. Carpuso, one of the litigation attorneys even came out to our home and went over our case with us, he made sure all of our needs was addressed and before he left our home that day I felt like we were old friends. that case was settled and I was very pleased, I have used this law firm twice since then and the results are always the same, I have nothing but great experiences with Gordon & Feindblatt the staff are courteous and professional and they get the job done but the one in particular that really stood out for me is Rebecca Slattery, she is truly a gem, she is so compassionate, she walked me through the entire process, she even checked up on me from time to time just to see how I was feeling and I really appreciated her kindness. I will use this law firm again and again for any future legal issue that may arise and I would highly recommend Gordon & Fiendblatt to friends, family and co-workers.
02:32 04 Aug 18
The lawyer who was initially handling my case parted ways with the company and I was assigned a new lawyer. This new lawyer was amazing! Christina Franetovich made me feel secure by double checking all the facts and notes in my case so that I was not worried during this transition. I was on disability from an a different accident while she was finalizing my case, and I had called and hounded her about the time frame of my settlement very frequently to the point that I felt guilty for calling so much. Christina was very sympathetic to my situation and assured me that she would do everything in her power to make sure the situation would be resolved quickly. She actually finalized my case before the time frame she had given me, was always very courteous and knowledgable on the phone, and I feel extremely lucky that she ended up handling my case because the previous lawyer was not as amazing with customer service as Christina. She also has a way of making you feel comfortable and builds incredible rapport quickly. I am going to highly recommend her to my friends and family. Thank you Christina!!!
Richard Hose
Richard Hose
02:26 27 Jun 18
On Feb 23, 2017 I was in a bad accident on the JFX. I had been rear end by another driver. Almost immediately I felt pressured by the other drivers insurance. Everything from wanting a recorded statement; to failing to acknowledge responsibility. No one would answer my questions, nor would anyone take responsibility. I was frustrated and overwhelmed with everyone from the towing company, to the repair shop, to the insurance company nightmare I just entered. I reached out to Attorney Robert Katz and I was assured they were here to help. He provided with some much needed information, and told me not to worry, Sarah his Paralegal would be in touch to help get things moving. Sarah reached out as expected and explained their process and walked me through what my expectations would be. She as well assured me they were here to help me navigate the obstacles. What Sarah really did was so much more than help. She took the stress and burden off my shoulders and assumed ownership for handling everything on my behalf. I knew what to expect, and I received regular updates throughout the entire process. Honestly, I received so much more than I anticipated. Some of the most frustrating items to chase after are medical records and hospital charges. While I was trying to recall events and timelines, she had already obtained my records and information. She made this process so painless. I truly cannot say enough about the exceptional service she provided. Many thanks for all your help. Sincerely, Richard Hose
Andrea Barajas
Andrea Barajas
15:13 16 May 18
My husband and I were in a car accident in August 2017. We contacted Bob Katz team for legal representation in our case. Kristen A. Turner was our paralegal and she was excellent. It took 9 months for us to receive our settlement and Kristen kept us updated throughout this entire process. She was very kind and patient as I happened to have several questions. She always answered my questions promptly and thoroughly. I would highly recommend this firm and Kristen if you are in need of legal assistance.
15:24 09 Feb 18
My experience here was great. My lawyer Rebecca was so professional and I love her personality. She handled my case well and kept me updated and made the process easy and always made me feel comfortable to call whenever I needed to know anything.
Next Reviews